Other academic research

This page will lists links to freely available articles and reports which detail previous research conducted with trans people on topics relating to fertility, pregnancy, and lactation. Please note that the studies listed here were not undertaken as part of the Trans Pregnancy project. We are sharing them in the spirit of open access to knowledge and information.


Parental experiences

Pyne J (2012) Transforming Family: Trans Parents and their Struggles, Strategies, and Strengths. Toronto: LGBTQ Parenting Network, Sherbourne Health Centre.

Stotzer RL, Herman JL, and Hasenbrush A (2014) Transgender Parenting: A Review of Existing Research. Los Angeles: The Williams Institute.

Walks M (2013) Gender identity and in/fertility. PhD thesis. Vancouver: University of British Columbia.

Riggs DW, Power J, and von Doussa H (2016) Parenting and Australian trans and gender diverse people: An exploratory survey. International Journal ofTransgenderism, 17(2): 59-65.


Pregnancy and childbirth

Hoffkling A, Obedin-Maliver J, and Sevelius J (2017) From erasure to opportunity: a qualitative study of the experiences of transgender men around pregnancy and recommendations for providersBMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 17(Suppl 2): 7-20.

Light A, Obedin-Maliver J, Sevelius J, Kerns J (2014) Transgender Men Who Experienced Pregnancy After Female-to-Male Gender Transitioning. Obstetrics & Gynecology 124(6): 1120-1127.

More SD (1998) The Pregnant Man: An Oxymoron? Journal of Gender Studies 7(3): 319-328.

Riggs DW (2013) Transgender men’s self-representations of bearing children post-transition. In: Green F. & Friedman M (eds.) Chasing rainbows: Exploring gender fluid parenting practices. Toronto: Demeter Press

Veale JF, Watson RJ, Adjei J, and Saewyc EM (2016) Prevalence of Pregnancy Involvement Among Canadian Transgender Youth and its Relation to Mental Health, Sexual Health, and Gender Identity. International Journal of Transgenderism 17(3-4): 107-113.


Lactation and chestfeeding

MacDonald T, Noel-Weiss J, West D, Walks M, Biener M, Kibbe A, and Myler E (2016) Transmasculine individuals’ experiences with lactation, chestfeeding, and gender identity: a qualitative study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 16: 106.

García-Acosta JM, Juan-Valdivia RMS, Fernández-Martínez AD, Lorenzo-Rocha ND, and Castro-Peraza ME (2019) Trans* Pregnancy and Lactation: A Literature Review from a Nursing Perspective. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(1): 44-56.



Lowik AJ (2019) Trans-Inclusive Abortion Care: A manual for providers on operationalizing trans-inclusive policies and practices in an abortion setting. Washington D.C.: National Abortion Federation.


Media representation

Lampe NM, Carter SK, and Sumerau JE (2019) Continuity and Change in Gender Frames: The Case of Transgender Reproduction. Gender & Society 33(6): 865-887.

Riggs DW (2014) What makes a man? Thomas Beatie, embodiment, and ‘mundane transphobia. Feminism & Psychology 24(2): 157-171 .